7:9 After these things I looked, and here was 1 an enormous crowd that no one could count, made up of persons from every nation, tribe, 2 people, and language, standing before the throne and before the Lamb dressed in long white robes, and with palm branches in their hands. 7:10 They were shouting out in a loud voice,
“Salvation belongs to our God, 3
to the one seated on the throne, and to the Lamb!”
1 tn The phrase “and here was” expresses the sense of καὶ ἰδού (kai idou).
2 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated before each of the following categories, since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.
3 tn The dative here has been translated as a dative of possession.
4 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the previous question.
5 tn Though the expression “the answer” is not in the Greek text, it is clearly implied. Direct objects in Greek were frequently omitted when clear from the context.
6 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.
7 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation. Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
8 tn Or “worship.” The word here is λατρεύω (latreuw).
9 tn Grk “will spread his tent over them,” normally an idiom for taking up residence with someone, but when combined with the preposition ἐπί (epi, “over”) the idea is one of extending protection or shelter (BDAG 929 s.v. σκηνόω).
10 tn An allusion to Isa 49:10. The phrase “burning heat” is one word in Greek (καῦμα, kauma) that refers to a burning, intensely-felt heat. See BDAG 536 s.v.
11 sn An allusion to Isa 25:8.