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Revelation 7:4-9

Context
7:4 Now 1  I heard the number of those who were marked with the seal, 2  one hundred and forty-four thousand, sealed from all 3  the tribes of the people of Israel: 4 

7:5 From the tribe of Judah, twelve thousand were sealed,

from the tribe of Reuben, twelve thousand,

from the tribe of Gad, twelve thousand,

7:6 from the tribe of Asher, twelve thousand,

from the tribe of Naphtali, twelve thousand,

from the tribe of Manasseh, twelve thousand,

7:7 from the tribe of Simeon, twelve thousand,

from the tribe of Levi, twelve thousand,

from the tribe of Issachar, twelve thousand,

7:8 from the tribe of Zebulun, twelve thousand,

from the tribe of Joseph, twelve thousand,

from the tribe of Benjamin, twelve thousand were sealed.

7:9 After these things I looked, and here was 5  an enormous crowd that no one could count, made up of persons from every nation, tribe, 6  people, and language, standing before the throne and before the Lamb dressed in long white robes, and with palm branches in their hands.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the introduction of new but related material.

2 tn Grk “who were sealed.”

3 tn Normally, “every,” but since 144,000 is the total number, “all” is clearer here.

4 tn Grk “the sons of Israel,” normally an idiom for the Israelites as an ethnic entity (L&N 11.58). However, many scholars understand the expression in this context to refer to Christians rather than ethnic Israelites.

5 tn The phrase “and here was” expresses the sense of καὶ ἰδού (kai idou).

6 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated before each of the following categories, since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.



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