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Revelation 7:2-4

Context
7:2 Then 1  I saw another angel ascending from the east, 2  who had 3  the seal 4  of the living God. He 5  shouted out with a loud voice to the four angels who had been given permission 6  to damage the earth and the sea: 7  7:3 “Do not damage the earth or the sea or the trees until we have put a seal on the foreheads of the servants 8  of our God.” 7:4 Now 9  I heard the number of those who were marked with the seal, 10  one hundred and forty-four thousand, sealed from all 11  the tribes of the people of Israel: 12 

Revelation 13:16

Context
13:16 He also caused 13  everyone (small and great, rich and poor, free and slave 14 ) to obtain a mark on their right hand or on their forehead.

Revelation 14:9

Context

14:9 A 15  third angel 16  followed the first two, 17  declaring 18  in a loud voice: “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and takes the mark on his forehead or his hand,

Revelation 14:11

Context
14:11 And the smoke from their 19  torture will go up 20  forever and ever, and those who worship the beast and his image will have 21  no rest day or night, along with 22  anyone who receives the mark of his name.”

Revelation 20:4

Context

20:4 Then 23  I saw thrones and seated on them were those who had been given authority to judge. 24  I also saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of the testimony about Jesus and because of the word of God. These 25  had not worshiped the beast or his image and had refused to receive his mark on their forehead or hand. They 26  came to life 27  and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.

Revelation 22:4

Context
22:4 and they will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.

2 tn Grk “from the rising of the sun.” BDAG 74 s.v. ἀνατολή 2.a takes this as a geographical direction: “ἀπὸ ἀ. ἡλίουfrom the east Rv 7:2; 16:12…simply ἀπὸ ἀ. …21:13.”

3 tn Grk “having,” but v. 3 makes it clear that the angel’s purpose is to seal others with the seal he carries.

4 tn Or “signet” (L&N 6.54).

5 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation. Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

6 tn The word “permission” is implied; Grk “to whom it was given to them to damage the earth.”

7 tn Grk “saying.” The participle λέγων (legwn) is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.

8 tn See the note on the word “servants” in 1:1.

9 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the introduction of new but related material.

10 tn Grk “who were sealed.”

11 tn Normally, “every,” but since 144,000 is the total number, “all” is clearer here.

12 tn Grk “the sons of Israel,” normally an idiom for the Israelites as an ethnic entity (L&N 11.58). However, many scholars understand the expression in this context to refer to Christians rather than ethnic Israelites.

13 tn Or “forced”; Grk “makes” (ποιεῖ, poiei).

14 tn See the note on the word “servants” in 1:1.

15 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

16 tn Grk “And another angel, a third.”

17 tn Grk “followed them.”

18 tn For the translation of λέγω (legw) as “declare,” see BDAG 590 s.v. 2.e.

19 tn The Greek pronoun is plural here even though the verbs in the previous verse are singular.

20 tn The present tense ἀναβαίνει (anabainei) has been translated as a futuristic present (ExSyn 535-36). This is also consistent with the future passive βασανισθήσεται (basanisqhsetai) in v. 10.

21 tn The present tense ἔχουσιν (ecousin) has been translated as a futuristic present to keep the English tense consistent with the previous verb (see note on “will go up” earlier in this verse).

22 tn Grk “and.”

23 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence within the narrative.

24 tn Grk “I saw thrones, and those seated on them, and judgment was given to them.” BDAG 567 s.v. κρίμα 3 says, “judging, judgment, the κρίμα ἐδόθη αὐτοῖς authority to judge was given to them Rv 20:4.”

25 tn Grk “God, and who.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation by supplying the pronoun “these” as subject.

26 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

27 tn On the use of the aorist ἔζησαν (ezhsan) BDAG 425 s.v. ζάω 1.a.β says, “of dead persons who return to life become alive again: of humans in general (3 Km 17:23) Mt 9:18; Ac 9:41; 20:12; Rv 20:4, 5.”



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