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Revelation 6:9-11

Context

6:9 Now 1  when the Lamb opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been violently killed 2  because of the word of God and because of the testimony they had given. 6:10 They 3  cried out with a loud voice, 4  “How long, 5  Sovereign Master, 6  holy and true, before you judge those who live on the earth and avenge our blood?” 6:11 Each 7  of them was given a long white robe and they were told to rest for a little longer, until the full number was reached 8  of both their fellow servants 9  and their brothers who were going to be killed just as they had been.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the introduction of a new and somewhat different topic after the introduction of the four riders.

2 tn Or “murdered.” See the note on the word “butcher” in 6:4.

3 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

4 tn Grk “voice, saying”; the participle λέγοντες (legontes) is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated here.

5 tn The expression ἕως πότε (ews pote) was translated “how long.” Cf. BDAG 423 s.v. ἕως 1.b.γ.

6 tn The Greek term here is δεσπότης (despoths; see L&N 37.63).

7 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

8 tn Grk “until they had been completed.” The idea of a certain “number” of people is implied by the subject of πληρωθῶσιν (plhrwqwsin).

9 tn Though σύνδουλος (sundoulos) has been translated “fellow servant,” the word does not bear the connotation of a free individual serving another. See the note on the word “servants” in 1:1.



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