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Revelation 5:9

Context
5:9 They were singing a new song: 1 

“You are worthy to take the scroll

and to open its seals

because you were killed, 2 

and at the cost of your own blood 3  you have purchased 4  for God

persons 5  from every tribe, language, 6  people, and nation.

Revelation 5:13

Context

5:13 Then 7  I heard every creature – in heaven, on earth, under the earth, in the sea, and all that is in them – singing: 8 

“To the one seated on the throne and to the Lamb

be praise, honor, glory, and ruling power 9  forever and ever!”

1 tn The redundant participle λέγοντες (legontes) has not been translated here.

2 tn Or “slaughtered”; traditionally, “slain.”

3 tn The preposition ἐν (en) is taken to indicate price here, like the Hebrew preposition ב (bet) does at times. BDAG 329 s.v. ἐν 5.b states, “The ἐν which takes the place of the gen. of price is also instrumental ἠγόρασας ἐν τῷ αἵματί σου Rv 5:9 (cp. 1 Ch 21:24 ἀγοράζω ἐν ἀργυρίῳ).”

4 tc The Greek text as it stands above (i.e., the reading τῷ θεῷ [tw qew] alone) is found in codex A. א 2050 2344 Ï sy add the term “us” (ἡμᾶς, Jhmas), either before or after τῷ θεῷ, as an attempt to clarify the object of “purchased” (ἠγόρασας, hgorasa"). A few mss (1 vgms) delete the reference to God altogether and simply replace it with “us” (ἡμᾶς). This too is an attempt to remove ambiguity in the phrase and provide an object for “purchased.” The shorter reading, supported by the best witness for Revelation, best accounts for the other readings.

5 tn The word “persons” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.

6 tn Grk “and language,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

7 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.

8 tn Grk “saying.”

9 tn Or “dominion.”



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