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Revelation 2:8

To the Church in Smyrna

2:8 “To 1  the angel of the church in Smyrna write the following: 2 

“This is the solemn pronouncement of 3  the one who is the first and the last, the one who was dead, but 4  came to life:

Revelation 2:23

2:23 Furthermore, I will strike her followers 5  with a deadly disease, 6  and then all the churches will know that I am the one who searches minds and hearts. I will repay 7  each one of you 8  what your deeds deserve. 9 

1 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated due to differences between Greek and English style.

2 tn The phrase “the following” after “write” is supplied to clarify that what follows is the content of what is to be written.

3 tn Grk “These things says [the One]…” See the note on the phrase “this is the solemn pronouncement of” in 2:1.

sn The expression This is the solemn pronouncement of reflects an OT idiom. See the note on this phrase in 2:1.

4 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present between these two phrases.

5 tn Grk “her children,” but in this context a reference to this woman’s followers or disciples is more likely meant.

6 tn Grk “I will kill with death.” θάνατος (qanatos) can in particular contexts refer to a manner of death, specifically a contagious disease (see BDAG 443 s.v. 3; L&N 23.158).

7 tn Grk “I will give.” The sense of δίδωμι (didwmi) in this context is more “repay” than “give.”

8 sn This pronoun and the following one are plural in the Greek text.

9 tn Grk “each one of you according to your works.”

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