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Revelation 2:16

Context
2:16 Therefore, 1  repent! If not, I will come against you quickly and make war against those people 2  with the sword of my mouth.

Revelation 2:21-22

Context
2:21 I 3  have given her time to repent, but 4  she is not willing to repent of her sexual immorality. 2:22 Look! I am throwing her onto a bed of violent illness, 5  and those who commit adultery with her into terrible suffering, 6  unless they repent of her deeds.

1 tc The “therefore” (οὖν, oun) is not found in א 2053 2329 2351 ÏA or the Latin mss. It is, however, included in impressive witnesses such as {A C 046 1006 1611 syp,h co}. Though the conjunction looks at first glance like a scribal clarification, its omission may be explained on the basis of its similarity to the last three letters of the verb “repent” (μετανόησον, metanohson; since οὖν is a postpositive conjunction in Greek, the final three letters of the verb [-σον, -son] would have been immediately followed by ουν). A scribe could have simply passed over the conjunction in his copy when he saw the last three letters of the imperative verb. A decision is difficult, however, because of the motivation to add to the text and the quality of witnesses that lack the conjunction.

2 tn Grk “with them”; the referent (those people who follow the teaching of Balaam and the Nicolaitans) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and contemporary English style.

4 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to bring out the contrast present in this woman’s obstinate refusal to repent.

5 tn Grk “onto a bed,” in this context an idiom for severe illness (L&N 23.152).

6 tn Or “into great distress.” The suffering here is not specified as physical or emotional, and could involve persecution.



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