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Revelation 21:12-14

Context
21:12 It has 1  a massive, high wall 2  with twelve gates, 3  with twelve angels at the gates, and the names of the twelve tribes of the nation of Israel 4  are written on the gates. 5  21:13 There are 6  three gates on the east side, three gates on the north side, three gates on the south side and three gates on the west side. 7  21:14 The 8  wall of the city has twelve foundations, and on them are the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

1 tn Grk “jasper, having.” Here a new sentence was started in the translation.

2 tn Grk “a (city) wall great and high.”

3 tn On this term BDAG 897 s.v. πυλών 1 states, “gate, esp. of the large, impressive gateways at the entrance of temples and palaces…of the entrances of the heavenly Jerusalem…οἱ πυλῶνες αὐτῆς οὐ μὴ κλεισθῶσιν its entrances shall never be shut Rv 21:25; cp. vss. 12ab, 13abcd, 15, 21ab; 22:14.”

4 tn Grk “of the sons of Israel.” The translation “nation of Israel” is given in L&N 11.58.

5 tn Grk “on them”; the referent (the gates) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

6 tn The words “There are” have been supplied to make a complete English sentence. This is a continuation of the previous sentence, a lengthy and complicated one in Greek.

7 tn The word “side” has been supplied four times in this verse for clarity.

8 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.



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