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Revelation 19:15

Context
19:15 From his mouth extends a sharp sword, so that with it he can strike the nations. 1  He 2  will rule 3  them with an iron rod, 4  and he stomps the winepress 5  of the furious 6  wrath of God, the All-Powerful. 7 

Revelation 19:21

Context
19:21 The 8  others were killed by the sword that extended from the mouth of the one who rode the horse, and all the birds gorged 9  themselves with their flesh.

1 tn Or “the Gentiles” (the same Greek word may be translated “Gentiles” or “nations”).

2 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

3 tn Grk “will shepherd.”

4 tn Or “scepter.” The Greek term ῥάβδος (rJabdo") can mean either “rod” or “scepter.”

sn A quotation from Ps 2:9 (see also Rev 2:27, 12:5).

5 sn He stomps the winepress. See Isa 63:3, where Messiah does this alone (usually several individuals would join in the process), and Rev 14:20.

6 tn The genitive θυμοῦ (qumou) has been translated as an attributed genitive. Following BDAG 461 s.v. θυμός 2, the combination of the genitives of θυμός (qumos) and ὀργή (orgh) in Rev 16:19 and 19:15 are taken to be a strengthening of the thought as in the OT and Qumran literature (Exod 32:12; Jer 32:37; Lam 2:3; CD 10:9).

7 tn On this word BDAG 755 s.v. παντοκράτωρ states, “the Almighty, All-Powerful, Omnipotent (One) only of God…() κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ π. …Rv 1:8; 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7; 21:22.”

8 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

9 tn On the translation of ἐχορτάσθησαν (ecortasqhsan) BDAG 1087 s.v. χορτάζω 1.a states, “of animals, pass. in act. sense πάντα τὰ ὄρνεα ἐχορτάσθησαν ἐκ τῶν σαρκῶν αὐτῶν all the birds gorged themselves with their flesh Rv 19:21 (cp. TestJud. 21:8).”



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