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Revelation 18:8-10

Context
18:8 For this reason, she will experience her plagues 1  in a single day: disease, 2  mourning, 3  and famine, and she will be burned down 4  with fire, because the Lord God who judges her is powerful!”

18:9 Then 5  the kings of the earth who committed immoral acts with her and lived in sensual luxury 6  with her will weep and wail for her when they see the smoke from the fire that burns her up. 7  18:10 They will stand a long way off because they are afraid of her torment, and will say,

“Woe, woe, O great city,

Babylon the powerful city!

For in a single hour your doom 8  has come!”

1 tn Grk “For this reason, her plagues will come.”

2 tn Grk “death.” θάνατος (qanatos) can in particular contexts refer to a manner of death, specifically a contagious disease (see BDAG 443 s.v. 3; L&N 23.158).

3 tn This is the same Greek word (πένθος, penqo") translated “grief” in vv. 7-8.

4 tn Here “burned down” was used to translate κατακαυθήσεται (katakauqhsetai) because a city is in view.

5 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.

6 tn On the term ἐστρηνίασεν (estrhniasen) BDAG 949 s.v. στρηνιάω states, “live in luxury, live sensually Rv 18:7. W. πορνεύειν vs. 9.”

7 tn Grk “from the burning of her.” For the translation “the smoke from the fire that burns her up,” see L&N 14.63.

8 tn Or “judgment,” condemnation,” “punishment.” BDAG 569 s.v. κρίσις 1.a.β states, “The word oft. means judgment that goes against a person, condemnation, and the sentence that follows…ἡ κ. σου your judgment Rv 18:10.”



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