18:20 (Rejoice over her, O heaven,
and you saints and apostles and prophets,
for God has pronounced judgment 1 against her on your behalf!) 2
18:24 The 3 blood of the saints and prophets was found in her, 4
along with the blood 5 of all those who had been killed on the earth.”
1 tn On the phrase “pronounced judgment” BDAG 567 s.v. κρίμα 4.b states, “The OT is the source of the expr. κρίνειν τὸ κρ. (cp. Zech 7:9; 8:16; Ezk 44:24) ἔκρινεν ὁ θεὸς τὸ κρίμα ὑμῶν ἐξ αὐτῆς God has pronounced judgment for you against her or God has pronounced on her the judgment she wished to impose on you (HHoltzmann, Hdb. 1893 ad loc.) Rv 18:20.”
2 tn Grk “God has judged a judgment of you of her.” Verse 20 is set in parentheses because in it the saints, etc. are addressed directly in the second person.
sn This verse forms a parenthetical aside in the narrative.
3 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.
4 tn The shift in pronouns from second to third person corresponds to the Greek text.
5 tn Grk “and of all.” The phrase “along with the blood” has been repeated from the previous clause for stylistic reasons.