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Revelation 16:8-9

Context

16:8 Then 1  the fourth angel 2  poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was permitted to scorch people 3  with fire. 16:9 Thus 4  people 5  were scorched by the terrible heat, 6  yet 7  they blasphemed the name of God, who has ruling authority 8  over these plagues, and they would not repent and give him glory.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.

2 tn Grk “the fourth”; the referent (the fourth angel) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Grk “men,” but this is a generic use of ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo") and refers to both men and women.

4 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “thus” to indicate the implied result of the bowl poured on the sun.

5 tn Grk “men,” but this is a generic use of ἄνθρωπος (anqrwpo") and refers to both men and women.

6 tn On this phrase BDAG 536 s.v. καῦμα states, “burning, heat Rv 7:16καυματίζεσθαι κ. μέγα be burned with a scorching heat 16:9.”

7 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “yet” to indicate the contrast present in this context.

8 tn For the translation “ruling authority” for ἐξουσία (exousia) see L&N 37.35.



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