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Revelation 12:9-13

Context
12:9 So 1  that huge dragon – the ancient serpent, the one called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world – was thrown down to the earth, and his angels along with him. 12:10 Then 2  I heard a loud voice in heaven saying,

“The salvation and the power

and the kingdom of our God,

and the ruling authority 3  of his Christ, 4  have now come,

because the accuser of our brothers and sisters, 5 

the one who accuses them day and night 6  before our God,

has been thrown down.

12:11 But 7  they overcame him

by the blood of the Lamb

and by the word of their testimony,

and they did not love their lives 8  so much that they were afraid to die.

12:12 Therefore you heavens rejoice, and all who reside in them!

But 9  woe to the earth and the sea

because the devil has come down to you!

He 10  is filled with terrible anger,

for he knows that he only has a little time!”

12:13 Now 11  when the dragon realized 12  that he had been thrown down to the earth, he pursued the woman who had given birth to the male child.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the result of the war in heaven.

2 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.

3 tn Or “the right of his Messiah to rule.” See L&N 37.35.

4 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

5 tn Grk “brothers,” but the Greek word may be used for “brothers and sisters” or “fellow Christians” (cf. BDAG 18 s.v. ἀδελφός 1, where considerable nonbiblical evidence for the plural ἀδελφοί [adelfoi] meaning “brothers and sisters” is cited). The translation “fellow believer” would normally apply (L&N 11.23), but since the speaker(s) are not specified in this context, it is not clear if such a translation would be appropriate here. The more generic “brothers and sisters” was chosen to emphasize the fact of a relationship without specifying its type.

6 tn Or “who accuses them continually.”

7 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast.

8 sn They did not love their lives. See Matt 16:25; Luke 17:33; John 12:25.

9 tn The word “But” is not in the Greek text, but the contrast is clearly implied. This is a case of asyndeton (lack of a connective).

10 tn Grk “and is filled,” a continuation of the previous sentence. Because English tends to use shorter sentences (especially when exclamations are involved), a new sentence was started here in the translation.

11 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” because the clause it introduces is clearly resumptive.

12 tn Grk “saw.”



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