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Revelation 12:9

Context
12:9 So 1  that huge dragon – the ancient serpent, the one called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world – was thrown down to the earth, and his angels along with him.

Revelation 12:17

Context
12:17 So 2  the dragon became enraged at the woman and went away to make war on the rest of her children, 3  those who keep 4  God’s commandments and hold to 5  the testimony about Jesus. 6  (12:18) And the dragon 7  stood 8  on the sand 9  of the seashore. 10 

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the result of the war in heaven.

2 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the woman’s escape.

3 tn Grk “her seed” (an idiom for offspring, children, or descendants).

4 tn Or “who obey.”

5 tn Grk “and having.”

6 tn Grk “the testimony of Jesus,” which may involve a subjective genitive (“Jesus’ testimony”) or, more likely, an objective genitive (“testimony about Jesus”).

7 tn Grk “he”; the referent (the dragon) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

8 tc Grk ἐστάθη (estaqh, “he stood”). The reading followed by the translation is attested by the better mss (Ì47 א A C 1854 2344 2351 pc lat syh) while the majority of mss (051 Ï vgmss syph co) have the reading ἐστάθην (estaqhn, “I stood”). Thus, the majority of mss make the narrator, rather than the dragon of 12:17, the subject of the verb. The first person reading is most likely an assimilation to the following verb in 13:1, “I saw.” The reading “I stood” was introduced either by accident or to produce a smoother flow, giving the narrator a vantage point on the sea’s edge from which to observe the beast rising out of the sea in 13:1. But almost everywhere else in the book, the phrase καὶ εἶδον (kai eidon, “and I saw”) marks a transition to a new vision, without reference to the narrator’s activity. On both external and internal grounds, it is best to adopt the third person reading, “he stood.”

9 tn Or “sandy beach” (L&N 1.64).

10 sn The standard critical texts of the Greek NT, NA27 and UBS4, both include this sentence as 12:18, as do the RSV and NRSV. Other modern translations like the NASB and NIV include the sentence at the beginning of 13:1; in these versions chap. 12 has only 17 verses.



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