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Revelation 12:5

Context
12:5 So 1  the woman gave birth to a son, a male child, 2  who is going to rule 3  over all the nations 4  with an iron rod. 5  Her 6  child was suddenly caught up to God and to his throne,

Revelation 19:15

Context
19:15 From his mouth extends a sharp sword, so that with it he can strike the nations. 7  He 8  will rule 9  them with an iron rod, 10  and he stomps the winepress 11  of the furious 12  wrath of God, the All-Powerful. 13 

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the conclusion of the anticipated birth.

2 tn On this term BDAG 135 s.v. ἄρσην states: “male…The neut. ἄρσεν Rv 12:5, difft. vs. 13, comes fr. Is 66:7 and is in apposition to υἱόν. On the juxtaposition s. FBoll, ZNW 15, 1914, 253; BOlsson, Glotta 23, ’34, 112.”

3 tn Grk “shepherd.”

4 tn Or “all the Gentiles” (the same Greek word may be translated “Gentiles” or “nations”).

5 tn Or “scepter.” The Greek term ῥάβδος (rJabdo") can mean either “rod” or “scepter.”

sn An allusion to Ps 2:9 (see also Rev 2:27; 19:15).

6 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

7 tn Or “the Gentiles” (the same Greek word may be translated “Gentiles” or “nations”).

8 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

9 tn Grk “will shepherd.”

10 tn Or “scepter.” The Greek term ῥάβδος (rJabdo") can mean either “rod” or “scepter.”

sn A quotation from Ps 2:9 (see also Rev 2:27, 12:5).

11 sn He stomps the winepress. See Isa 63:3, where Messiah does this alone (usually several individuals would join in the process), and Rev 14:20.

12 tn The genitive θυμοῦ (qumou) has been translated as an attributed genitive. Following BDAG 461 s.v. θυμός 2, the combination of the genitives of θυμός (qumos) and ὀργή (orgh) in Rev 16:19 and 19:15 are taken to be a strengthening of the thought as in the OT and Qumran literature (Exod 32:12; Jer 32:37; Lam 2:3; CD 10:9).

13 tn On this word BDAG 755 s.v. παντοκράτωρ states, “the Almighty, All-Powerful, Omnipotent (One) only of God…() κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ π. …Rv 1:8; 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7; 21:22.”



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