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Revelation 11:17-18

Context
11:17 with these words: 1 

“We give you thanks, Lord God, the All-Powerful, 2 

the one who is and who was,

because you have taken your great power

and begun to reign. 3 

11:18 The 4  nations 5  were enraged,

but 6  your wrath has come,

and the time has come for the dead to be judged,

and the time has come to give to your servants, 7 

the prophets, their reward,

as well as to the saints

and to those who revere 8  your name, both small and great,

and the time has come 9  to destroy those who destroy 10  the earth.”

1 tn Grk “saying.”

2 tn On this word BDAG 755 s.v. παντοκράτωρ states, “the Almighty, All-Powerful, Omnipotent (One) only of God…() κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ π. …Rv 1:8; 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7; 21:22.”

3 tn The aorist verb ἐβασίλευσας (ebasileusa") has been translated ingressively.

4 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

5 tn Or “The Gentiles” (the same Greek word may be translated “Gentiles” or “nations”).

6 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context.

7 tn See the note on the word “servants” in 1:1.

8 tn Grk “who fear.”

9 tn The words “the time has come” do not occur except at the beginning of the verse; the phrase has been repeated for emphasis and contrast. The Greek has one finite verb (“has come”) with a compound subject (“your wrath,” “the time”), followed by three infinitive clauses (“to be judged,” “to give,” “to destroy”). The rhetorical power of the repetition of the finite verb in English thus emulates the rhetorical power of its lone instance in Greek.

10 tn Or “who deprave.” There is a possible wordplay here on two meanings for διαφθείρω (diafqeirw), with the first meaning “destroy” and the second meaning either “to ruin” or “to make morally corrupt.” See L&N 20.40.



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