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Psalms 60:1

Context
Psalm 60 1 

For the music director; according to the shushan-eduth style; 2  a prayer 3  of David written to instruct others. 4  It was written when he fought against Aram Naharaim and Aram-Zobah. That was when Joab turned back and struck down 5  12,000 Edomites 6  in the Valley of Salt. 7 

60:1 O God, you have rejected us. 8 

You suddenly turned on us in your anger. 9 

Please restore us! 10 

1 sn Psalm 60. The psalmist grieves over Israel’s humiliation, but in response to God’s assuring word, he asks for divine help in battle and expresses his confidence in victory.

2 tn The Hebrew expression means “lily of the testimony.” It may refer to a particular music style or to a tune title.

3 tn The precise meaning of the Hebrew word מִכְתָּם (miktam), which also appears in the heading to Pss 16, 56-59, is uncertain. HALOT 582-83 s.v. defines it as “inscription.”

4 tn Heb “to teach.”

5 tn In Josh 8:21 and Judg 20:48 the two verbs “turn back” and “strike down” are also juxtaposed. There they refer to a military counter-attack.

6 tn Heb “12,000 of Edom.” Perhaps one should read אֲרַם (’aram, “Aram”) here rather than אֱדוֹם (’edom, “Edom”).

7 sn The heading apparently refers to the military campaign recorded in 2 Sam 10 and 1 Chr 19.

8 sn You have rejected us. See Pss 43:2; 44:9, 23.

9 tn Heb “you broke out upon us, you were angry.”

10 tn The imperfect verbal form here expresses the psalmist’s wish or prayer.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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