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Psalms 9:7

Context

9:7 But the Lord 1  rules 2  forever;

he reigns in a just manner. 3 

Psalms 29:10

Context

29:10 The Lord sits enthroned over the engulfing waters, 4 

the Lord sits enthroned 5  as the eternal king.

Psalms 55:19

Context

55:19 God, the one who has reigned as king from long ago,

will hear and humiliate them. 6  (Selah)

They refuse to change,

and do not fear God. 7 

Psalms 102:12

Context

102:12 But you, O Lord, rule forever, 8 

and your reputation endures. 9 

1 tn The construction vav (ו) + subject highlights the contrast between the exalted Lord and his defeated foes (see v. 6).

2 tn Heb “sits” (i.e., enthroned, see v. 4). The imperfect verbal form highlights the generalization.

3 tn Heb “he establishes for justice his throne.”

4 tn The noun מַּבּוּל (mabbul, “flood”) appears only here and in Gen 6-11, where it refers to the Noahic flood. Some see a reference to that event here. The presence of the article (perhaps indicating uniqueness) and the switch to the perfect verbal form (which could be taken as describing a past situation) might support this. However, the immediate context indicates that the referent of מַּבּוּל is the “surging waters” mentioned in v. 3. The article indicates waters that are definite in the mind of the speaker and the perfect is probably descriptive in function, like “thunders” in v. 3. However, even though the historical flood is not the primary referent here, there may be a literary allusion involved. The psalmist views the threatening chaotic sea as a contemporary manifestation of the destructive waters of old.

5 tn The prefixed verbal form with vav (ו) consecutive here carries the descriptive function of the preceding perfect.

6 tc Heb “God will hear and answer them, even [the] one who sits [from] ancient times.” The prefixed verbal from with vav (ו) consecutive carries on the anticipatory force of the preceding imperfect. The verb appears to be a Qal form from עָנָה (’anah, “to answer”). If this reading is retained, the point would be that God “answered” them in judgment. The translation assumes an emendation to the Piel וַיְעַנֵּם (vayannem; see 2 Kgs 17:20) and understands the root as עָנָה (’anah, “to afflict”; see also 1 Kgs 8:35).

7 tn Heb “[the ones] for whom there are no changes, and they do not fear God.”

8 tn Heb “sit” (i.e., sit enthroned, see Ps 9:7). The imperfect verbal form highlights the generalization.

9 tn Heb “and your remembrance [is] for a generation and a generation.”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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