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Psalms 9:7-9

Context

9:7 But the Lord 1  rules 2  forever;

he reigns in a just manner. 3 

9:8 He judges the world fairly;

he makes just legal decisions for the nations. 4 

9:9 Consequently 5  the Lord provides safety for the oppressed; 6 

he provides safety in times of trouble. 7 

1 tn The construction vav (ו) + subject highlights the contrast between the exalted Lord and his defeated foes (see v. 6).

2 tn Heb “sits” (i.e., enthroned, see v. 4). The imperfect verbal form highlights the generalization.

3 tn Heb “he establishes for justice his throne.”

4 tn Heb “the peoples.” The imperfect verbal forms in v. 8 either describe God’s typical, characteristic behavior, or anticipate a future judgment of worldwide proportions (“will judge…”).

5 tn Following the imperfect in v. 9, the construction vav (ו) conjunctive + shortened form of the prefixed verb הָיָה (hayah) indicates a consequence or result of the preceding statement. The construction functions this same way in Pss 81:15 and 104:20.

6 tn Heb “and the Lord is an elevated place for the oppressed.” The singular form דָּךְ (dakh, “oppressed”) is collective here.

7 tn Heb “[he is] an elevated place for times in trouble.” Here an “elevated place” refers to a stronghold, a defensible, secure position that represents a safe haven in times of unrest or distress (cf. NEB “tower of strength”; NIV, NRSV “stronghold”).



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