you destroyed the wicked; 2
you permanently wiped out all memory of them. 3
the inner regions 6 of the world were uncovered
by the powerful breath from your nose. 9
104:7 Your shout made the waters retreat;
at the sound of your thunderous voice they hurried off –
1 tn The verb גָּעַר (ga’ar) is often understood to mean “rebuke” and in this context taken to refer to the
2 tn The singular form is collective (note “nations” and “their name”). In the psalms the “wicked” (רְשָׁעִים, rÿsha’im) are typically proud, practical atheists (Ps 10:2, 4, 11) who hate God’s commands, commit sinful deeds, speak lies and slander (Ps 50:16-20), and cheat others (Ps 37:21). In this context the hostile nations who threaten Israel/Judah are in view.
3 tn Heb “their name you wiped out forever and ever.” The three perfect verbal forms in v. 5 probably refer to a recent victory (definite past or present perfect use), although they might express what is typical (characteristic use).
4 tn Or “channels.”
6 tn Or “foundations.”
7 tn Heb “from.” The preposition has a causal sense here.
8 tn The noun is derived from the verb גָּעַר (ga’ar), which is often understood to mean “rebuke.” In some cases it is apparent that scolding or threatening is in view (see Gen 37:10; Ruth 2:16; Zech 3:2). However, in militaristic contexts this translation is inadequate, for the verb refers in this setting to the warrior’s battle cry, which terrifies and paralyzes the enemy. See A. Caquot, TDOT 3:53, and note the use of the verb in Pss 68:30; 106:9; and Nah 1:4, as well as the related noun in Job 26:11; Pss 9:5; 76:6; 104:7; Isa 50:2; 51:20; 66:15.
9 tn 2 Sam 22:16 reads “by the battle cry of the