9:5 You terrified the nations with your battle cry; 1
you destroyed the wicked; 2
you permanently wiped out all memory of them. 3
9:6 The enemy’s cities have been reduced to permanent ruins; 4
you destroyed their cities; 5
all memory of the enemies has perished. 6
9:7 But the Lord 7 rules 8 forever;
he reigns in a just manner. 9
1 tn The verb גָּעַר (ga’ar) is often understood to mean “rebuke” and in this context taken to refer to the
2 tn The singular form is collective (note “nations” and “their name”). In the psalms the “wicked” (רְשָׁעִים, rÿsha’im) are typically proud, practical atheists (Ps 10:2, 4, 11) who hate God’s commands, commit sinful deeds, speak lies and slander (Ps 50:16-20), and cheat others (Ps 37:21). In this context the hostile nations who threaten Israel/Judah are in view.
3 tn Heb “their name you wiped out forever and ever.” The three perfect verbal forms in v. 5 probably refer to a recent victory (definite past or present perfect use), although they might express what is typical (characteristic use).
4 tn Heb “the enemy – they have come to an end [in] ruins permanently.” The singular form אוֹיֵב (’oyev, “enemy”) is collective. It is placed at the beginning of the verse to heighten the contrast with יְהוָה (yÿhvah, “the
5 tn Heb “you uprooted cities.”
6 tn Heb “it has perished, their remembrance, they.” The independent pronoun at the end of the line is in apposition to the preceding pronominal suffix and lends emphasis (see IBHS 299 §16.3.4). The referent of the masculine pronoun is the nations/enemies (cf. v. 5), not the cities (the Hebrew noun עָרִים [’arim, “cities”] is grammatically feminine). This has been specified in the present translation for clarity; many modern translations retain the pronoun “them,” resulting in ambiguity (cf. NRSV “their cities you have rooted out; the very memory of them has perished”).
7 tn The construction vav (ו) + subject highlights the contrast between the exalted
8 tn Heb “sits” (i.e., enthroned, see v. 4). The imperfect verbal form highlights the generalization.
9 tn Heb “he establishes for justice his throne.”