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Psalms 9:12

Context

9:12 For the one who takes revenge against murderers took notice of the oppressed; 1 

he did not overlook 2  their cry for help 3 

Psalms 9:18

Context

9:18 for the needy are not permanently ignored, 4 

the hopes of the oppressed are not forever dashed. 5 

Psalms 10:12

Context

10:12 Rise up, Lord! 6 

O God, strike him down! 7 

Do not forget the oppressed!

Psalms 12:5

Context

12:5 “Because of the violence done to the oppressed, 8 

because of the painful cries 9  of the needy,

I will spring into action,” 10  says the Lord.

“I will provide the safety they so desperately desire.” 11 

1 tn Heb “for the one who seeks shed blood remembered them.” The idiomatic expression “to seek shed blood” seems to carry the idea “to seek payment/restitution for one’s shed blood.” The plural form דָּמִים (damim, “shed blood”) occurs only here as the object of דָּרַשׁ (darash); the singular form דָּם (dam, “blood”) appears with the verb in Gen 9:5; 42:22; Ezek 33:6. “Them,” the pronominal object of the verb “remembered,” refers to the oppressed, mentioned specifically in the next line, so the referent has been specified in the translation for clarity.

2 tn Heb “did not forget.”

3 tn Heb “the cry for help of the oppressed.” In this context the “oppressed” are the psalmist and those he represents, whom the hostile nations have threatened.

4 tn Or “forgotten.”

5 tn Heb “the hope of the afflicted does [not] perish forever.” The negative particle is understood by ellipsis; note the preceding line. The imperfect verbal forms express what typically happens.

6 sn Rise up, O Lord! The psalmist’s mood changes from lament to petition and confidence.

7 tn Heb “lift up your hand.” Usually the expression “lifting the hand” refers to praying (Pss 28:2; 134:2) or making an oath (Ps 106:26), but here it probably refers to “striking a blow” (see 2 Sam 18:28; 20:21). Note v. 15, where the psalmist asks the Lord to “break the arm of the wicked.” A less likely option is that the psalmist is requesting that the Lord declare by oath his intention to intervene.

8 tn The term translated “oppressed” is an objective genitive; the oppressed are the recipients/victims of violence.

9 tn Elsewhere in the psalms this noun is used of the painful groans of prisoners awaiting death (79:11; 102:20). The related verb is used of the painful groaning of those wounded in combat (Jer 51:52; Ezek 26:15) and of the mournful sighing of those in grief (Ezek 9:4; 24:17).

10 tn Heb “I will rise up.”

11 tn Heb “I will place in deliverance, he pants for it.” The final two words in Hebrew (יָפִיחַ לוֹ, yafiakh lo) comprise an asyndetic relative clause, “the one who pants for it.” “The one who pants” is the object of the verb “place” and the antecedent of the pronominal suffix (in the phrase “for it”) is “deliverance.” Another option is to translate, “I will place in deliverance the witness for him,” repointing יָפִיחַ (a Hiphil imperfect from פּוּחַ, puakh, “pant”) as יָפֵחַ (yafeakh), a noun meaning “witness.” In this case the Lord would be promising protection to those who have the courage to support the oppressed in the court of law. However, the first part of the verse focuses on the oppressed, not their advocates.



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