83:2 For look, your enemies are making a commotion;
those who hate you are hostile. 1
Then the name of Israel will be remembered no more.”
they form an alliance 8 against you.
Moab and the Hagrites, 10
Philistia and the inhabitants of Tyre. 12
83:8 Even Assyria has allied with them,
lending its strength to the descendants of Lot. 13 (Selah)
2 tn Heb “they make crafty a plot.”
3 tn Heb “and consult together against.”
4 tn The passive participle of the Hebrew verb צָפַן (tsafan, “to hide”) is used here in the sense of “treasured; cherished.”
5 tn Heb “we will cause them to disappear from [being] a nation.”
6 tn Or “for.”
7 tn Heb “they consult [with] a heart together.”
8 tn Heb “cut a covenant.”
9 tn The words “it includes” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.
11 sn Some identify Gebal with the Phoenician coastal city of Byblos (see Ezek 27:9, where the name is spelled differently), though others locate this site south of the Dead Sea (see BDB 148 s.v. גְּבַל; HALOT 174 s.v. גְּבַל).
13 tn Heb “they are an arm for the sons of Lot.” The “arm” is here a symbol of military might.
sn The descendants of Lot were the Moabites and Ammonites.