or am guilty of unjust actions, 2
Vindicate me, Lord, because I am innocent, 4
O righteous God,
1 tn Heb “if I have done this.”
2 tn Heb “if there is injustice in my hands.” The “hands” figuratively suggest deeds or actions.
3 sn The
4 tn Heb “judge me, O
5 tn Heb “according to my blamelessness.” The imperative verb translated “vindicate” governs the second line as well.
6 tn The Hebrew form עָלָי (’alay) has been traditionally understood as the preposition עַל (’al, “over”) with a first person suffix. But this is syntactically awkward and meaningless. The form is probably a divine title derived from the verbal root עָלָה (’alah, “ascend”). This relatively rare title appears elsewhere in the OT (see HALOT 824-25 s.v. I עַל, though this text is not listed) and in Ugaritic as an epithet for Baal (see G. R. Driver, Canaanite Myths and Legends, 98). See M. Dahood, Psalms (AB), 1:44-45, and P. C. Craigie, Psalms 1-50 (WBC), 98.
7 tn In the psalms the Hebrew term רְשָׁעִים (rÿsha’im, “wicked”) describes people who are proud, practical atheists (Ps 10:2, 4, 11) who hate God’s commands, commit sinful deeds, speak lies and slander (Ps 50:16-20), and cheat others (Ps 37:21). They oppose God and his people.
8 tn The prefixed verbal form is a jussive, expressing an imprecation here.
10 tn The prefixed verbal form expresses the psalmist’s prayer or wish.
12 tn Heb “and [the one who] tests hearts and kidneys, just God.” The translation inverts the word order to improve the English style. The heart and kidneys were viewed as the seat of one’s volition, conscience, and moral character.