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Psalms 51:13-14

Context

51:13 Then I will teach 1  rebels your merciful ways, 2 

and sinners will turn 3  to you.

51:14 Rescue me from the guilt of murder, 4  O God, the God who delivers me!

Then my tongue will shout for joy because of your deliverance. 5 

1 tn The cohortative expresses the psalmist’s resolve. This may be a vow or promise. If forgiven, the psalmist will “repay” the Lord by declaring God’s mercy and motivating other sinners to repent.

2 tn Heb “your ways.” The word “merciful” is added for clarification. God’s “ways” are sometimes his commands, but in this context, where the teaching of God’s ways motivates repentance (see the next line), it is more likely that God’s merciful and compassionate way of dealing with sinners is in view. Thanksgiving songs praising God for his deliverance typically focus on these divine attributes (see Pss 34, 41, 116, 138).

3 tn Or “return,” i.e., in repentance.

4 tn Heb “from bloodshed.” “Bloodshed” here stands by metonymy for the guilt which it produces.

5 tn Heb “my tongue will shout for joy your deliverance.” Another option is to take the prefixed verbal form as a jussive, “may my tongue shout for joy.” However, the pattern in vv. 12-15 appears to be prayer/request (see vv. 12, 14a, 15a) followed by promise/vow (see vv. 13, 14b, 15b).



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