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Psalms 44:13-16

Context

44:13 You made us 1  an object of disdain to our neighbors;

those who live on our borders taunt and insult us. 2 

44:14 You made us 3  an object of ridicule 4  among the nations;

foreigners treat us with contempt. 5 

44:15 All day long I feel humiliated 6 

and am overwhelmed with shame, 7 

44:16 before the vindictive enemy

who ridicules and insults me. 8 

1 tn The prefixed verbal form is a preterite (without vav [ו] consecutive).

2 tn Heb “an [object of] taunting and [of] mockery to those around us.”

3 tn The prefixed verbal form is a preterite (without vav [ו] consecutive).

4 tn Heb “a proverb,” or “[the subject of] a mocking song.”

5 tn Heb “a shaking of the head among the peoples.” Shaking the head was a derisive gesture (see Jer 18:16; Lam 2:15).

6 tn Heb “all the day my humiliation [is] in front of me.”

7 tn Heb “and the shame of my face covers me.”

8 tn Heb “from the voice of one who ridicules and insults, from the face of an enemy and an avenger.” See Ps 8:2.



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