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Psalms 35:4

Context

35:4 May those who seek my life be embarrassed and humiliated!

May those who plan to harm me be turned back and ashamed! 1 

Psalms 140:3

Context

140:3 Their tongues wound like a serpent; 2 

a viper’s 3  venom is behind 4  their lips. (Selah)

1 tn The four prefixed verbal forms in this verse are understood as jussives. The psalmist is calling judgment down on his enemies. See also the distinct jussive form in v. 6.

2 tn Heb “they sharpen their tongue like a serpent.” Ps 64:3 reads, “they sharpen their tongues like sword.” Perhaps Ps 140:3 uses a mixed metaphor, the point being that “they sharpen their tongues [like a sword],” as it were, so that when they speak, their words wound like a serpent’s bite. Another option is that the language refers to the pointed or forked nature of a serpent’s tongue, which is viewed metaphorically as “sharpened.”

3 tn The Hebrew term is used only here in the OT.

4 tn Heb “under.”



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