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Psalms 22:25-26

Context

22:25 You are the reason I offer praise 1  in the great assembly;

I will fulfill my promises before the Lord’s loyal followers. 2 

22:26 Let the oppressed eat and be filled! 3 

Let those who seek his help praise the Lord!

May you 4  live forever!

Psalms 50:14-15

Context

50:14 Present to God a thank-offering!

Repay your vows to the sovereign One! 5 

50:15 Pray to me when you are in trouble! 6 

I will deliver you, and you will honor me!” 7 

Psalms 56:12

Context

56:12 I am obligated to fulfill the vows I made to you, O God; 8 

I will give you the thank-offerings you deserve, 9 

Psalms 69:29-33

Context

69:29 I am oppressed and suffering!

O God, deliver and protect me! 10 

69:30 I will sing praises to God’s name! 11 

I will magnify him as I give him thanks! 12 

69:31 That will please the Lord more than an ox or a bull

with horns and hooves.

69:32 The oppressed look on – let them rejoice!

You who seek God, 13  may you be encouraged! 14 

69:33 For the Lord listens to the needy;

he does not despise his captive people. 15 

Psalms 71:14-16

Context

71:14 As for me, I will wait continually,

and will continue to praise you. 16 

71:15 I will tell about your justice,

and all day long proclaim your salvation, 17 

though I cannot fathom its full extent. 18 

71:16 I will come and tell about 19  the mighty acts of the sovereign Lord.

I will proclaim your justice – yours alone.

Psalms 71:22-24

Context

71:22 I will express my thanks to you with a stringed instrument,

praising 20  your faithfulness, O my God!

I will sing praises to you accompanied by a harp,

O Holy One of Israel! 21 

71:23 My lips will shout for joy! Yes, 22  I will sing your praises!

I will praise you when you rescue me! 23 

71:24 All day long my tongue will also tell about your justice,

for those who want to harm me 24  will be embarrassed and ashamed. 25 

Psalms 86:12-13

Context

86:12 O Lord, my God, I will give you thanks with my whole heart!

I will honor your name continually! 26 

86:13 For you will extend your great loyal love to me, 27 

and will deliver my life 28  from the depths of Sheol. 29 

Psalms 116:12-19

Context

116:12 How can I repay the Lord

for all his acts of kindness to me?

116:13 I will celebrate my deliverance, 30 

and call on the name of the Lord.

116:14 I will fulfill my vows to the Lord

before all his people.

116:15 The Lord values

the lives of his faithful followers. 31 

116:16 Yes, Lord! I am indeed your servant;

I am your lowest slave. 32 

You saved me from death. 33 

116:17 I will present a thank offering to you,

and call on the name of the Lord.

116:18 I will fulfill my vows to the Lord

before all his people,

116:19 in the courts of the Lord’s temple,

in your midst, O Jerusalem.

Praise the Lord!

1 tn Heb “from with you [is] my praise.”

2 tn Heb “my vows I will fulfill before those who fear him.” When asking the Lord for help, the psalmists would typically promise to praise the Lord publicly if he intervened and delivered them.

3 sn Eat and be filled. In addition to praising the Lord, the psalmist also offers a thank offering to the Lord and invites others to share in a communal meal.

4 tn Heb “may your heart[s].”

5 tn Heb “Most High.” This divine title (עֶלְיוֹן, ’elyon) pictures God as the exalted ruler of the universe who vindicates the innocent and judges the wicked. See especially Pss 7:17; 9:2; 18:13; 21:7; 47:2.

6 tn Heb “call [to] me in a day of trouble.”

7 sn In vv. 7-15 the Lord makes it clear that he was not rebuking Israel because they had failed to offer sacrifices (v. 8a). On the contrary, they had been faithful in doing so (v. 8b). However, their understanding of the essence of their relationship with God was confused. Apparently they believed that he needed/desired such sacrifices and that offering them would ensure their prosperity. But the Lord owns all the animals of the world and did not need Israel’s meager sacrifices (vv. 9-13). Other aspects of the relationship were more important to the Lord. He desired Israel to be thankful for his blessings (v. 14a), to demonstrate gratitude for his intervention by repaying the vows they made to him (v. 14b), and to acknowledge their absolute dependence on him (v. 15a). Rather than viewing their sacrifices as somehow essential to God’s well-being, they needed to understand their dependence on him.

8 tn Heb “upon me, O God, [are] your vows.”

9 tn Heb “I will repay thank-offerings to you.”

10 tn Heb “your deliverance, O God, may it protect me.”

11 tn Heb “I will praise the name of God with a song.”

12 tn Heb “I will magnify him with thanks.”

13 sn You who seek God refers to those who seek to have a relationship with God by obeying and worshiping him (see Ps 53:2).

14 tn Heb “may your heart[s] live.” See Ps 22:26.

15 tn Heb “his prisoners he does not despise.”

16 tn Heb “and I add to all your praise.”

17 tn Heb “my mouth declares your vindication, all the day your deliverance.”

18 tn Heb “though I do not know [the] numbers,” that is, the tally of God’s just and saving acts. HALOT 768 s.v. סְפֹרוֹת understands the plural noun to mean “the art of writing.”

19 tn Heb “I will come with.”

20 tn The word “praising” is supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

21 sn The basic sense of the word “holy” is “set apart from that which is commonplace, special, unique.” The Lord’s holiness is first and foremost his transcendent sovereignty as the ruler of the world. He is “set apart” from the world over which he rules. At the same time his holiness encompasses his moral authority, which derives from his royal position. As king he has the right to dictate to his subjects how they are to live; indeed his very own character sets the standard for proper behavior.

22 tn Or “when.” The translation assumes that כִּי (ki) has an emphasizing (asseverative) function here.

23 tn Heb “and my life [or “soul”] which you will have redeemed.” The perfect verbal form functions here as a future perfect. The psalmist anticipates praising God, for God will have rescued him by that time.

24 tn Heb “those who seek my harm.”

25 tn Heb “will have become embarrassed and ashamed.” The perfect verbal forms function here as future perfects, indicating future actions which will precede chronologically the action expressed by the main verb in the preceding line.

26 tn Or “forever.”

27 tn Heb “for your loyal love [is] great over me.”

28 tn Or “for he will have delivered my life.” The verb form indicates a future perfect here.

29 tn Or “lower Sheol.”

30 tn Heb “a cup of deliverance I will lift up.” Perhaps this alludes to a drink offering the psalmist will present as he thanks the Lord for his deliverance. See v. 17.

31 tn Heb “precious in the eyes of the Lord [is] the death of his godly ones.” The point is not that God delights in or finds satisfaction in the death of his followers! The psalmist, who has been delivered from death, affirms that the life-threatening experiences of God’s followers get God’s attention, just as a precious or rare object would attract someone’s eye. See Ps 72:14 for a similar expression of this belief.

32 tn Heb “I am your servant, the son of your female servant.” The phrase “son of a female servant” (see also Ps 86:16) is used of a son born to a secondary wife or concubine (Exod 23:12). In some cases the child’s father is the master of the house (see Gen 21:10, 13; Judg 9:18). The use of the expression here certainly does not imply that the Lord has such a secondary wife or concubine! It is used metaphorically and idiomatically to emphasize the psalmist’s humility before the Lord and his status as the Lord’s servant.

33 tn Heb “you have loosed my bonds.” In this context the imagery refers to deliverance from death (see v. 3).



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