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Psalms 18:44-45

Context

18:44 When they hear of my exploits, they submit to me. 1 

Foreigners are powerless 2  before me;

18:45 foreigners lose their courage; 3 

they shake with fear 4  as they leave 5  their strongholds. 6 

1 tn Heb “at a report of an ear they submit to me.” The report of the psalmist’s exploits is so impressive that those who hear it submit to his rulership without putting up a fight.

2 tn For the meaning “be weak, powerless” for כָּחַשׁ (kakhash), see Ps 109:24. The next line (see v. 45a), in which “foreigners” are also mentioned, favors this interpretation. Another option is to translate “cower in fear” (see Deut 33:29; Pss 66:3; 81:15; cf. NIV “cringe”; NRSV “came cringing”).

3 tn Heb “wither, wear out.”

4 tn The meaning of חָרַג (kharag, “shake”) is established on the basis of cognates in Arabic and Aramaic. 2 Sam 22:46 reads חָגַר (khagar), which might mean here, “[they] come limping” (on the basis of a cognate in postbiblical Hebrew). The normal meaning for חָגַר (“gird”) makes little sense here.

5 tn Heb “from.”

6 tn Heb “their prisons.” The besieged cities of the foreigners are compared to prisons.



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