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Psalms 148:3-12

Context

148:3 Praise him, O sun and moon!

Praise him, all you shiny stars! 1 

148:4 Praise him, O highest heaven,

and you waters above the sky! 2 

148:5 Let them praise the name of the Lord,

for he gave the command and they came into existence.

148:6 He established them so they would endure; 3 

he issued a decree that will not be revoked. 4 

148:7 Praise the Lord from the earth,

you sea creatures and all you ocean depths,

148:8 O fire and hail, snow and clouds, 5 

O stormy wind that carries out his orders, 6 

148:9 you mountains and all you hills,

you fruit trees and all you cedars,

148:10 you animals and all you cattle,

you creeping things and birds,

148:11 you kings of the earth and all you nations,

you princes and all you leaders 7  on the earth,

148:12 you young men and young women,

you elderly, along with you children!

1 tn Heb “stars of light.”

2 sn The “water” mentioned here corresponds to the “waters above” mentioned in Gen 1:7. See also Ps 104:3. For a discussion of the picture envisioned by the psalmist, see L. I. J. Stadelmann, The Hebrew Conception of the World, 47.

3 tn Or “forever and ever.”

4 tn Heb “and it will not pass away.”

5 tn In Ps 119:83 the noun refers to “smoke,” but here, where the elements of nature are addressed, the clouds, which resemble smoke, are probably in view.

6 tn Heb “[that] does his word.”

7 tn Or “judges.”



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