148:3 Praise him, O sun and moon!
Praise him, all you shiny stars! 1
148:4 Praise him, O highest heaven,
and you waters above the sky! 2
148:5 Let them praise the name of the Lord,
for he gave the command and they came into existence.
he issued a decree that will not be revoked. 4
148:7 Praise the Lord from the earth,
you sea creatures and all you ocean depths,
O stormy wind that carries out his orders, 6
148:9 you mountains and all you hills,
you fruit trees and all you cedars,
148:10 you animals and all you cattle,
you creeping things and birds,
148:11 you kings of the earth and all you nations,
you princes and all you leaders 7 on the earth,
148:12 you young men and young women,
you elderly, along with you children!
1 tn Heb “stars of light.”
2 sn The “water” mentioned here corresponds to the “waters above” mentioned in Gen 1:7. See also Ps 104:3. For a discussion of the picture envisioned by the psalmist, see L. I. J. Stadelmann, The Hebrew Conception of the World, 47.
3 tn Or “forever and ever.”
4 tn Heb “and it will not pass away.”
6 tn Heb “[that] does his word.”
7 tn Or “judges.”