For the music director, a psalm of David.
139:2 You know when I sit down and when I get up;
even from far away you understand my motives.
you are aware of everything I do. 4
without you, O Lord, being thoroughly aware of it. 6
139:5 You squeeze me in from behind and in front;
you place your hand on me.
139:6 Your knowledge is beyond my comprehension;
it is so far beyond me, I am unable to fathom it. 7
139:7 Where can I go to escape your spirit?
Where can I flee to escape your presence? 8
If I were to sprawl out in Sheol, there you would be. 10
and settle down on the other side 13 of the sea,
139:10 even there your hand would guide me,
your right hand would grab hold of me.
and the light will turn to night all around me,” 15
2 tn The statement is understood as generalizing – the psalmist describes what God typically does.
3 tn Heb “my traveling and my lying down you measure.” The verb זָרָה (zarah, “to measure”) is probably here a denominative from זָרָת (zarat, “a span; a measure”), though some derive it from זָרָה (zarat, “to winnow; to sift”; see BDB 279-80 s.v. זָרָה).
4 tn Heb “all my ways.”
5 tn Or “for.”
6 tn Heb “look, O
7 tn Heb “too amazing [is this] knowledge for me, it is elevated, I cannot attain to it.”
8 tn Heb “Where can I go from your spirit, and where from your face can I flee?” God’s “spirit” may refer here (1) to his presence (note the parallel term, “your face,” and see Ps 104:29-30, where God’s “face” is his presence and his “spirit” is the life-giving breath he imparts) or (2) to his personal Spirit (see Ps 51:10).
9 tn The Hebrew verb סָלַק (salaq, “to ascend”) occurs only here in the OT, but the word is well-attested in Aramaic literature from different time periods and displays a wide semantic range (see DNWSI 2:788-90).
10 tn Heb “look, you.”
11 tn Heb “rise up.”
12 sn On the wings of the dawn. This personification of the “dawn” may find its roots in mythological traditions about the god Shachar, whose birth is described in an Ugaritic myth (see G. R. Driver, Canaanite Myths and Legends, 126) and who is mentioned in Isa 14:12 as the father of Helel.
13 tn Heb “at the end.”
14 tn The Hebrew verb שׁוּף (shuf), which means “to crush; to wound,” in Gen 3:15 and Job 9:17, is problematic here. For a discussion of attempts to relate the verb to Arabic roots, see L. C. Allen, Psalms 101-150 (WBC), 251. Many emend the form to יְשׂוּכֵּנִי (yesukkeniy), from the root שׂכך (“to cover,” an alternate form of סכך), a reading assumed in the present translation.
15 tn Heb “and night, light, around me.”