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Psalms 118:6-9

Context

118:6 The Lord is on my side, 1  I am not afraid!

What can people do to me? 2 

118:7 The Lord is on my side 3  as my helper. 4 

I look in triumph on those who hate me.

118:8 It is better to take shelter 5  in the Lord

than to trust in people.

118:9 It is better to take shelter in the Lord

than to trust in princes.

Psalms 118:13-15

Context

118:13 “You aggressively attacked me 6  and tried to knock me down, 7 

but the Lord helped me.

118:14 The Lord gives me strength and protects me; 8 

he has become my deliverer.” 9 

118:15 They celebrate deliverance in the tents of the godly. 10 

The Lord’s right hand conquers, 11 

1 tn Heb “for me.”

2 tn The rhetorical question assumes the answer, “Nothing!” The imperfect is used in a modal sense here, indicating capability or potential. See Ps 56:11.

3 tn Heb “for me.”

4 tn Heb “among my helpers.” The preposition may indicate identity here, while the plural may be one of majesty or respect.

5 tn “Taking shelter” in the Lord is an idiom for seeking his protection. Seeking his protection presupposes and even demonstrates the subject’s loyalty to the Lord. In the psalms those who “take shelter” in the Lord are contrasted with the wicked and equated with those who love, fear, and serve the Lord (Pss 5:11-12; 31:17-20; 34:21-22).

6 tn Heb “pushing, you pushed me.” The infinitive absolute emphasizes the following verbal idea. The psalmist appears to address the nations as if they were an individual enemy. Some find this problematic and emend the verb form (which is a Qal perfect second masculine singular with a first person singular suffix) to נִדְחֵיתִי (nidkheti), a Niphal perfect first common singular, “I was pushed.”

7 tn Heb “to fall,” i.e., “that [I] might fall.”

8 tn Heb “my strength and protection [is] the Lord.” The Hebrew term זִמְרָת (zimrat) is traditionally understood as meaning “song” (“my strength and song [is] the Lord”) in which case one might translate, “for the Lord gives me strength and joy” (i.e., a reason to sing). However, many recent commentators have argued that the noun זִמְרָת is here a homonym, meaning “protection” or “strength.” See HALOT 274 s.v.; cf. NEB “The Lord is my refuge and defence”; NRSV “my strength and my might.”

9 tn Or “salvation.”

10 tn Heb “the sound of a ringing shout and deliverance [is] in the tents of the godly.”

11 tn Heb “does valiantly.” The statement refers here to military success (see Num 24:18; 1 Sam 14:48; Pss 60:12; 108:13).



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