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Psalms 105:28-36

Context

105:28 He made it dark; 1 

they did not disobey his orders. 2 

105:29 He turned their water into blood,

and killed their fish.

105:30 Their land was overrun by frogs,

which even got into the rooms of their kings.

105:31 He ordered flies to come; 3 

gnats invaded their whole territory.

105:32 He sent hail along with the rain; 4 

there was lightning in their land. 5 

105:33 He destroyed their vines and fig trees,

and broke the trees throughout their territory.

105:34 He ordered locusts to come, 6 

innumerable grasshoppers.

105:35 They ate all the vegetation in their land,

and devoured the crops of their fields. 7 

105:36 He struck down all the firstborn in their land,

the firstfruits of their reproductive power. 8 

1 tn Heb “he sent darkness and made it dark.”

sn He made it dark. The psalmist begins with the ninth plague (see Exod 10:21-29).

2 tn Heb “they did not rebel against his words.” Apparently this refers to Moses and Aaron, who obediently carried out God’s orders.

3 tn Heb “he spoke and flies came.”

4 tn Heb “he gave their rains hail.”

5 tn Heb “fire of flames [was] in their land.”

6 tn Heb “he spoke and locusts came.”

7 tn Heb “the fruit of their ground.”

8 tn Heb “the beginning of all their strength,” that is, reproductive power (see Ps 78:51).

sn Verses 28-36 recall the plagues in a different order than the one presented in Exodus: v. 28 (plague 9), v. 29 (plague 1), v. 30 (plague 2), v. 31a (plague 4), v. 31b (plague 3), vv. 32-33 (plague 7), vv. 34-35 (plague 8), v. 36 (plague 10). No reference is made in Ps 105 to plagues 5 and 6.



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