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Proverbs 3:34

Context

3:34 Although 1  he is scornful to arrogant scoffers, 2 

yet 3  he shows favor to the humble. 4 

Proverbs 16:19

Context

16:19 It is better to be lowly in spirit 5  with the afflicted

than to share the spoils 6  with the proud.

1 tn The particle אִם (’im, “though”) introduces a concessive clause: “though….”

2 tn Heb “he mocks those who mock.” The repetition of the root לִיץ (lits, “to scorn; to mock”) connotes poetic justice; the punishment fits the crime. Scoffers are characterized by arrogant pride (e.g., Prov 21:24), as the antithetical parallelism with “the humble” here emphasizes.

3 tn The prefixed vav (ו) introduces the apodosis to the concessive clause: “Though … yet …”

4 tn The Hebrew is structured chiastically (AB:BA): “he scorns / arrogant scoffers // but to the humble / he gives grace.” The word order in the translation is reversed for the sake of smoothness and readability.

5 tn Heb “low of spirit”; KJV “of an humble spirit.” This expression describes the person who is humble and submissive before the Lord and therefore inoffensive. It is always necessary to have a humble spirit, whether there is wealth or not.

6 tn Heb “than to divide plunder.” The word “plunder” implies that the wealth taken by the proud was taken violently and wrongfully – spoils are usually taken in warfare. R. N. Whybray translates it with “loot” (Proverbs [CBC], 95). The proud are in rebellion against God, overbearing and oppressive. One should never share the “loot” with them.



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