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Proverbs 13:12

Context

13:12 Hope 1  deferred 2  makes the heart sick, 3 

but a longing fulfilled 4  is like 5  a tree of life.

Proverbs 13:19

Context

13:19 A desire fulfilled is sweet to the soul,

but fools abhor 6  turning away from evil.

Proverbs 23:17-18

Context

23:17 Do not let your heart envy 7  sinners,

but rather be zealous in fearing the Lord 8  all the time.

23:18 For surely there is a future, 9 

and your hope will not be cut off. 10 

1 sn The word “hope” (תּוֹחֶלֶת [tokhelet] from יָחַל [yakhal]) also has the implication of a tense if not anxious wait.

2 tn The verb is the Pual participle from מָשַׁךְ (mashakh,“to draw; to drag”).

3 sn Failure in realizing one’s hopes can be depressing or discouraging. People can bear frustration only so long (W. G. Plaut, Proverbs, 153).

4 tn Heb “a desire that comes”; cf. CEV “a wish that comes true.”

5 tn The comparative “like” does not appear in the Hebrew text, but is implied by the metaphor; it is supplied for the sake of clarity.

6 tn Heb “an abomination of fools.” The noun כְּסִילִים (kÿsilim, “fools”) functions as a subjective genitive: “fools hate to turn away from evil” (cf. NAB, TEV, CEV). T. T. Perowne says: “In spite of the sweetness of good desires accomplished, fools will not forsake evil to attain it” (Proverbs, 103). Cf. Prov 13:12; 29:27.

7 tn The verb in this line is אַל־יְקַנֵּא (’al-yÿqanne’), the Piel jussive negated. The verb means “to be jealous, to be zealous”; it describes passionate intensity for something. In English, if the object is illegitimate, it is called “envy”; if it is correct, it is called “zeal.” Here the warning is not to envy the sinners. The second colon could use the verb in the positive sense to mean “but rather let your passion burn for the fear of the Lord.”

8 tn Heb “the fear of the Lord.” This expression features an objective genitive: “fearing the Lord.”

9 tn Heb “end” (so KJV); ASV “a reward.”

10 sn The saying is an understatement; far from being cut off, the “hope” will be realized in the end. So this saying, the thirteenth, advises people to be zealous for the fear of the Lord, their religion, rather than for anything that sinners have to offer.



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