NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Proverbs 17:21

Context

17:21 Whoever brings a fool 1  into the world 2  does so 3  to his grief,

and the father of a fool has no joy. 4 

Proverbs 23:24-25

Context

23:24 The father of a righteous person will rejoice greatly; 5 

whoever fathers a wise child 6  will have joy in him.

23:25 May your father and your mother have joy;

may she who bore you rejoice. 7 

1 sn Here the Hebrew terms כְּסִיל (kÿsil) and נָבָל (naval) are paired. The first one, which occurs about fifty times in the book, refers to a dullard, whether it be in spiritual, intellectual, or moral matters. The second word, rare in the book, primarily focuses on religious folly – it refers to the practical atheist, the one who lives as if there is no God.

2 tn The form simply means “bears” or “gives birth to,” but since it is masculine it could be rendered “fathers” (cf. NASB “he who begets a fool”; NIV “To have a fool for a son”). The form for “fool” is masculine, but the proverb is not limited only to male children (cf. NCV “It is sad to have a foolish child”).

3 tn The phrase “does so” is supplied for the sake of clarification.

4 sn Parents of fools, who had hoped for children who would be a credit to the family, find only bitter disappointment (cf. TEV “nothing but sadness and sorrow”).

5 tc The Qere reading has the imperfect יָגִיל (yagil) with the cognate accusative גִּיל (gil) which intensifies the meaning and the specific future of this verb.

6 tn The term “child” is supplied for the masculine singular adjective here.

7 tn The form תָגֵל (tagel) is clearly a short form and therefore a jussive (“may she…rejoice”); if this second verb is a jussive, then the parallel יִשְׂמַח (yismakh) should be a jussive also (“may your father and your mother have joy”).



TIP #09: Tell your friends ... become a ministry partner ... use the NET Bible on your site. [ALL]
created in 0.03 seconds
powered by bible.org