NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Proverbs 16:12

Context

16:12 Doing wickedness 1  is an abomination to kings,

because a throne 2  is established in righteousness.

Proverbs 20:28

Context

20:28 Loyal love and truth 3  preserve a king,

and his throne is upheld by loyal love. 4 

Proverbs 25:5

Context

25:5 remove the wicked from before the king, 5 

and his throne 6  will be established in righteousness. 7 

Proverbs 31:5

Context

31:5 lest they drink and forget what is decreed,

and remove 8  from all the poor 9  their legal rights. 10 

1 sn The “wickedness” mentioned here (רֶשַׁע, resha’) might better be understood as a criminal act, for the related word “wicked” can also mean the guilty criminal. If a king is trying to have a righteous administration, he will detest any criminal acts.

2 tn The “throne” represents the administration, or the decisions made from the throne by the king, and so the word is a metonymy of adjunct (cf. NLT “his rule”).

3 tn The first line uses two Hebrew words, חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת (khesed veemet, “loyal love and truth”), to tell where security lies. The first word is the covenant term for “loyal love; loving-kindness; mercy”; and the second is “truth” in the sense of what is reliable and dependable. The two words often are joined together to form a hendiadys: “faithful love.” That a hendiadys is intended here is confirmed by the fact that the second line uses only the critical word חֶסֶד.

4 sn The emphasis is on the Davidic covenant (2 Sam 7:11-16; Ps 89:19-37). It is the Lord and his faithful love for his covenant that ultimately makes the empire secure. But the enjoyment of divine protection requires the king to show loyal love as well.

5 sn These two verses present first an illustration and then the point (so it is emblematic parallelism). The passage uses imperatives to teach that the wicked must be purged from the kingdom.

6 sn “Throne” is a metonymy of subject (or adjunct); it is the symbol of the government over which the king presides (cf. NCV, TEV).

7 sn When the king purges the wicked from his court he will be left with righteous counselors and his government therefore will be “established in righteousness” – it will endure through righteousness (cf. NLT “made secure by justice”). But as J. H. Greenstone says, “The king may have perfect ideals and his conduct may be irreproachable, but he may be misled by unscrupulous courtiers” (Proverbs, 264).

8 tn The verb means “change,” perhaps expressed in reversing decisions or removing rights.

9 tn Heb “all the children of poverty.” This expression refers to the poor by nature. Cf. KJV, NASB, NRSV “the afflicted”; NIV “oppressed.”

10 sn The word is דִּין (din, “judgment”; so KJV). In this passage it refers to the cause or the plea for justice, i.e., the “legal rights.”



TIP #26: To open links on Discovery Box in a new window, use the right click. [ALL]
created in 0.02 seconds
powered by bible.org