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Proverbs 12:20

Context

12:20 Deceit is in the heart of those who plot evil, 1 

but those who promote peace 2  have joy.

Proverbs 14:22

Context

14:22 Do not those who devise 3  evil go astray?

But those who plan good exhibit 4  faithful covenant love. 5 

1 sn The contrast here is between “evil” (= pain and calamity) and “peace” (= social wholeness and well-being); see, e.g., Pss 34:14 and 37:37.

2 tn Heb “those who are counselors of peace.” The term שָׁלוֹם (shalom, “peace”) is an objective genitive, so the genitive-construct “counselors of peace” means those who advise, advocate or promote peace (cf. NAB, NIV).

3 sn The verb חָרַשׁ (kharash) means (1) literally: “to cut in; to engrave; to plow,” describing the work of a craftsman; and (2) figuratively: “to devise,” describing the mental activity of planning evil (what will harm people) in the first colon, and planning good (what will benefit them) in the second colon.

4 tn The term “exhibit” does not appear in the Hebrew, but is supplied in the translation for clarity and smoothness.

5 tn Heb “loyal-love and truth.” The two terms חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת (khesed veemet) often form a hendiadys: “faithful love” or better “faithful covenant love.”



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