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Proverbs 12:1

Context

12:1 The one who loves discipline loves knowledge, 1 

but the one who hates reproof is stupid. 2 

Proverbs 30:2

Context

30:2 Surely 3  I am more brutish 4  than any other human being, 5 

and I do not have human understanding; 6 

1 sn Those who wish to improve themselves must learn to accept correction; the fool hates/rejects any correction.

2 sn The word בָּעַר (baar, “brutish; stupid”) normally describes dumb animals that lack intellectual sense. Here, it describes the moral fool who is not willing to learn from correction. He is like a dumb animal (so the term here functions as a hypocatastasis: implied comparison).

3 tn The particle כִּי (ki) functions in an asseverative sense, “surely; indeed; truly” (R. J. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, 73, §449).

4 tn The noun בַּעַר (baar) means “brutishness”; here it functions as a predicate adjective. It is followed by מֵאִישׁ (meish) expressing comparative degree: “more than a man” or “more than any man,” with “man” used in a generic sense. He is saying that he has fallen beneath the level of mankind. Cf. NRSV “I am too stupid to be human.”

5 tn Heb “than man.” The verse is using hyperbole; this individual feels as if he has no intelligence at all, that he is more brutish than any other human. Of course this is not true, or he would not be able to speculate on the God of the universe at all.

6 tn Heb “the understanding of a man,” with “man” used attributively here.



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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