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Philippians 1:20-23

Context
1:20 My confident hope 1  is that I will in no way be ashamed 2  but that with complete boldness, even now as always, Christ will be exalted in my body, whether I live or die. 3  1:21 For to me, living is Christ and dying is gain. 1:22 Now if I am to go on living in the body, 4  this will mean productive work 5  for me, yet I don’t know which I prefer: 6  1:23 I feel torn between the two, 7  because I have a desire to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far,

1 tn Grk “according to my eager expectation and hope.” The κατά (kata) phrase is taken as governing the following ὅτι (Joti) clause (“that I will not be ashamed…”); the idea could be expressed more verbally as “I confidently hope that I will not be ashamed…”

2 tn Or possibly, “be intimidated, be put to shame.”

3 tn Grk “whether by life or by death.”

4 tn Grk “flesh.”

5 tn Grk “fruit of work”; the genitive ἔργου (ergou) is taken as an attributed genitive in which the head noun, καρπός (karpos), functions attributively (cf. ExSyn 89-91).

6 tn Grk “what I shall prefer.” The Greek verb αἱρέω (Jairew) could also mean “choose,” but in this context such a translation is problematic for it suggests that Paul could perhaps choose suicide (cf. L&N 30.86).

sn I don’t know what I prefer. Paul is here struggling with what would be most beneficial for both him and the church. He resolves this issue in vv. 24-25.

7 tn Grk “I am hard-pressed between the two.” Cf. L&N 30.18.



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