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Numbers 16:22

Context
16:22 Then they threw themselves down with their faces to the ground 1  and said, “O God, the God of the spirits of all people, 2  will you be angry with the whole community when only one man sins?” 3 

Numbers 16:45-48

Context
16:45 “Get away from this community, so that I can consume them in an instant!” But they threw themselves down with their faces to the ground. 4  16:46 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Take the censer, put burning coals from the altar in it, place incense on it, and go quickly into the assembly and make atonement for them, for wrath has gone out from the Lord – the plague has begun!” 16:47 So Aaron did 5  as Moses commanded 6  and ran into the middle of the assembly, where the plague was just beginning among the people. So he placed incense on the coals and made atonement for the people. 16:48 He stood between the dead and the living, and the plague was stopped.

1 sn It is Moses and Aaron who prostrate themselves; they have the good of the people at heart.

2 tn The expression “the God of the spirits of all humanity [flesh]” is somewhat difficult. The Hebrew text says אֱלֹהֵי הָרוּחֹת לְכָל־בָּשָׂר (’elohey harukhot lÿkhol-basar). This expression occurs in Num 27:16 again. It also occurs in some postbiblical texts, a fact which has prompted some scholars to conclude that it is a late addition. The words clearly show that Moses is interceding for the congregation. The appeal in the verse is that it is better for one man to die for the whole nation than the whole nation for one man (see also John 11:50).

3 tn The verb is the Qal imperfect יֶחֱטָא (yekheta’); it refers to the sinful rebellion of Korah, but Moses is stating something of a principle: “One man sins, and will you be angry….” A past tense translation would assume that this is a preterite use of the imperfect (without vav [ו] consecutive).

4 tn Heb “they fell on their faces.”

5 tn Heb “took.”

6 tn Or “had spoken” (NASB); NRSV “had ordered.”



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