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Numbers 15:4-9

Context
15:4 then the one who presents his offering to the Lord must bring 1  a grain offering of one-tenth of an ephah of finely ground flour mixed with one fourth of a hin of olive oil. 2  15:5 You must also prepare one-fourth of a hin of wine for a drink offering 3  with the burnt offering or the sacrifice for each lamb. 4  15:6 Or for a ram, you must prepare as a grain offering two-tenths of an ephah of finely ground flour mixed with one-third of a hin of olive oil, 15:7 and for a drink offering you must offer one-third of a hin of wine as a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 15:8 And when you prepare a young bull as a burnt offering or a sacrifice for discharging a vow or as a peace offering to the Lord, 15:9 then a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of finely ground flour mixed with half a hin of olive oil must be presented 5  with the young bull,

1 tn The three words at the beginning of this verse are all etymologically related: “the one who offers his offering shall offer.”

2 sn Obviously, as the wording of the text affirms, this kind of offering would be made after they were in the land and able to produce the grain and oil for the sacrifices. The instructions anticipated their ability to do this, and this would give hope to them. The amounts are difficult to determine, but it may be that they were to bring 4.5 liters of flour and 1.8 liters each of oil and wine.

3 sn The drink-offering was an ancient custom, mentioned in the Ugaritic tablets of Ras Shamra (14th century b.c.). The drink offering was poured out at the base of the altar (see Sir 50:15 and Josephus, Ant. 3.9.4 [3.234]).

4 tn Heb “for the one lamb,” but it clearly means “for each lamb.”

5 tn The text changes from direct address here to the third person form of the verb. If the MT is correct, then to make a smooth translation it would need to be made a passive (in view of the fact that no subject is expressed).



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