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Numbers 13:20

Context
13:20 and whether the land is rich or poor, and whether or not there are forests in it. And be brave, 1  and bring back some of the fruit of the land.” Now it was the time of year 2  for the first ripe grapes. 3 

Numbers 13:26

Context
The Spies’ Reports

13:26 They came back 4  to Moses and Aaron and to the whole community of the Israelites in the wilderness of Paran at Kadesh. 5  They reported 6  to the whole community and showed the fruit of the land.

1 tn The verb is the Hitpael perfect with vav (ו) consecutive, from the root חָזַק (khazaq, “to be strong”). Here it could mean “strengthen yourselves” or “be courageous” or “determined.” See further uses in 2 Sam 10:12; 1 Kgs 20:22; 1 Chr 19:13.

2 tn Heb “Now the days were the days of.”

3 sn The reference to the first ripe grapes would put the time somewhere at the end of July.

4 tn The construction literally has “and they went and they entered,” which may be smoothed out as a verbal hendiadys, the one verb modifying the other.

5 sn Kadesh is Ain Qadeis, about 50 miles (83 km) south of Beer Sheba. It is called Kadesh-barnea in Num 32:8.

6 tn Heb “They brought back word”; the verb is the Hiphil preterite of שׁוּב (shuv).



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