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Micah 4:3-4


4:3 He will arbitrate 1  between many peoples

and settle disputes between many 2  distant nations. 3 

They will beat their swords into plowshares, 4 

and their spears into pruning hooks. 5 

Nations will not use weapons 6  against other nations,

and they will no longer train for war.

4:4 Each will sit under his own grapevine

or under his own fig tree without any fear. 7 

The Lord who commands armies has decreed it. 8 

1 tn Or “judge.”

2 tn Or “mighty” (NASB); KJV, NAB, NIV, NRSV “strong”; TEV “among the great powers.”

3 tn Heb “[for many nations] to a distance.”

4 sn Instead of referring to the large plow as a whole, the plowshare is simply the metal tip which actually breaks the earth and cuts the furrow.

5 sn This implement was used to prune the vines, i.e., to cut off extra leaves and young shoots (M. Klingbeil, NIDOTTE 1:1117-18). It was a short knife with a curved hook at the end sharpened on the inside like a sickle.

6 tn Heb “take up the sword.”

7 tn Heb “and there will be no one making [him] afraid.”

8 tn Heb “for the mouth of the Lord of Hosts has spoken.”

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