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Matthew 6:1

Context
Pure-hearted Giving

6:1 “Be 1  careful not to display your righteousness merely to be seen by people. 2  Otherwise you have no reward with your Father in heaven.

Matthew 6:4

Context
6:4 so that your gift may be in secret. And your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you. 3 

Matthew 6:6

Context
6:6 But whenever you pray, go into your room, 4  close the door, and pray to your Father in secret. And your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you. 5 

Matthew 6:18

Context
6:18 so that it will not be obvious to others when you are fasting, but only to your Father who is in secret. And your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you.

1 tc ‡ Several mss (א L Z Θ Ë1 33 892 1241 1424 al) have δέ (de, “but, now”) at the beginning of this verse; the reading without δέ is supported by B D W 0250 Ë13 Ï lat. A decision is difficult, but apparently the conjunction was added by later scribes to indicate a transition in the thought-flow of the Sermon on the Mount. NA27 has δέ in brackets, indicating reservations about its authenticity.

2 tn Grk “before people in order to be seen by them.”

3 tc L W Θ 0250 Ï it read ἐν τῷ φανερῷ (en tw fanerw, “openly”) at the end of this verse, giving a counterweight to what is done in secret. But this reading is suspect because of the obvious literary balance, because of detouring the point of the passage (the focus of vv. 1-4 is not on two kinds of public rewards but on human vs. divine approbation), and because of superior external testimony that lacks this reading (א B D Z Ë1,13 33 al).

4 sn The term translated room refers to the inner room of a house, normally without any windows opening outside, the most private location possible (BDAG 988 s.v. ταμεῖον 2).

5 tc See the tc note on “will reward you” in 6:4: The problem is the same and the ms support differs only slightly.



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