4:13 While in Galilee, he moved from Nazareth 1 to make his home in Capernaum 2 by the sea, 3 in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,
2 tn Grk “and leaving Nazareth, he came and took up residence in Capernaum.”
sn Capernaum was a town located on the northwestern shore of the Sea of Galilee, 680 ft (204 m) below sea level. It was a major trade and economic center in the North Galilean region, and it became the hub of operations for Jesus’ Galilean ministry.
3 tn Or “by the lake.”
sn By the sea refers to the Sea of Galilee.
4 tn Grk “And he.”
5 sn Synagogues were places for Jewish prayer and worship, with recognized leadership (cf. Luke 8:41). Though the origin of the synagogue is not entirely clear, it seems to have arisen in the postexilic community during the intertestamental period. A town could establish a synagogue if there were at least ten men. In normative Judaism of the NT period, the OT scripture was read and discussed in the synagogue by the men who were present (see the Mishnah, m. Megillah 3-4; m. Berakhot 2).