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Matthew 23:31-35

Context
23:31 By saying this you testify against yourselves that you are descendants of those who murdered the prophets. 23:32 Fill up then the measure of your ancestors! 23:33 You snakes, you offspring of vipers! How will you escape being condemned to hell? 1 

23:34 “For this reason I 2  am sending you prophets and wise men and experts in the law, 3  some of whom you will kill and crucify, 4  and some you will flog 5  in your synagogues 6  and pursue from town to town, 23:35 so that on you will come all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah son of Barachiah, 7  whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.

1 tn Grk “the judgment of Gehenna.”

sn See the note on the word hell in 5:22.

2 tn Grk “behold I am sending.” The Greek word ἰδού (idou) has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

3 tn Or “scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 2:4.

4 sn See the note on crucified in 20:19.

5 tn BDAG 620 s.v. μαστιγόω 1.a states, “of flogging as a punishment decreed by the synagogue (Dt 25:2f; s. the Mishna Tractate Sanhedrin-Makkoth, edited w. notes by SKrauss ’33) w. acc. of pers. Mt 10:17; 23:34.”

6 sn See the note on synagogues in 4:23.

7 sn Spelling of this name (Βαραχίου, Baraciou) varies among the English versions: “Barachiah” (RSV, NRSV); “Berechiah” (NASB); “Berachiah” (NIV).



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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