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Matthew 22:43-45

Context
22:43 He said to them, “How then does David by the Spirit call him ‘Lord,’ saying,

22:44The Lord said to my lord, 1 

Sit at my right hand,

until I put your enemies under your feet”’? 2 

22:45 If David then calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?” 3 

1 sn The Lord said to my Lord. With David being the speaker, this indicates his respect for his descendant (referred to as my Lord). Jesus was arguing, as the ancient exposition assumed, that the passage is about the Lord’s anointed. The passage looks at an enthronement of this figure and a declaration of honor for him as he takes his place at the side of God. In Jerusalem, the king’s palace was located to the right of the temple to indicate this kind of relationship. Jesus was pressing the language here to get his opponents to reflect on how great Messiah is.

2 sn A quotation from Ps 110:1.

3 tn Grk “how is he his son?”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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