NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Matthew 18:21-27

Context

18:21 Then Peter came to him and said, “Lord, how many times must I forgive my brother 1  who sins against me? As many as seven times?” 18:22 Jesus said to him, “Not seven times, I tell you, but seventy-seven times! 2 

The Parable of the Unforgiving Slave

18:23 “For this reason, the kingdom of heaven is like a king who wanted to settle accounts with his slaves. 3  18:24 As 4  he began settling his accounts, a man who owed ten thousand talents 5  was brought to him. 18:25 Because 6  he was not able to repay it, 7  the lord ordered him to be sold, along with 8  his wife, children, and whatever he possessed, and repayment to be made. 18:26 Then the slave threw himself to the ground 9  before him, saying, 10  ‘Be patient with me, and I will repay you everything.’ 18:27 The lord had compassion on that slave and released him, and forgave him the debt.

Matthew 18:34

Context
18:34 And in anger his lord turned him over to the prison guards to torture him 11  until he repaid all he owed.

1 tn Here the term “brother” means “fellow believer” or “fellow Christian” (cf. BDAG 18 s.v. ἀδελφός 2.a), whether male or female. Concerning the familial connotations, see also the note on the first occurrence of this term in v. 15.

2 tn Or “seventy times seven,” i.e., an unlimited number of times. See L&N 60.74 and 60.77 for the two possible translations of the phrase.

3 tn See the note on the word “slave” in 8:9.

4 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

5 sn A talent was a huge sum of money, equal to 6,000 denarii. One denarius was the usual day’s wage for a worker. L&N 6.82 states, “a Greek monetary unit (also a unit of weight) with a value which fluctuated, depending upon the particular monetary system which prevailed at a particular period of time (a silver talent was worth approximately six thousand denarii with gold talents worth at least thirty times that much).”

6 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

7 tn The word “it” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were often omitted in Greek when clear from the context.

8 tn Grk “and his wife.”

9 tn Grk “falling therefore the slave bowed down to the ground.” The redundancy of this expression signals the desperation of the slave in begging for mercy.

10 tc The majority of mss (א L W 058 0281 Ë1,13 33 Ï it syp,h co) begin the slave’s plea with “Lord” (κύριε, kurie), though a few important witnesses lack this vocative (B D Θ 700 pc lat sys,c Or Chr). Understanding the parable to refer to the Lord, scribes would be naturally prone to add the vocative here, especially as the slave’s plea is a plea for mercy. Thus, the shorter reading is more likely to be authentic.

11 tn Grk “handed him over to the torturers,” referring specifically to guards whose job was to torture prisoners who were being questioned. According to L&N 37.126, it is difficult to know for certain in this instance whether the term actually envisions torture as a part of the punishment or is simply a hyperbole. However, in light of the following verse and Jesus’ other warning statements in Matthew about “fiery hell,” “the outer darkness,” etc., it is best not to dismiss this as mere imagery.



TIP #01: Welcome to the NEXT Bible Web Interface and Study System!! [ALL]
created in 0.04 seconds
powered by bible.org