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Matthew 16:27-28

Context
16:27 For the Son of Man will come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will reward each person according to what he has done. 1  16:28 I tell you the truth, 2  there are some standing here who will not 3  experience 4  death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.” 5 

1 sn An allusion to Pss 28:4; 62:12; cf. Prov 24:12.

2 tn Grk “Truly (ἀμήν, amhn), I say to you.”

3 tn The Greek negative here (οὐ μή, ou mh) is the strongest possible.

4 tn Grk “will not taste.” Here the Greek verb does not mean “sample a small amount” (as a typical English reader might infer from the word “taste”), but “experience something cognitively or emotionally; come to know something” (cf. BDAG 195 s.v. γεύομαι 2).

5 sn Several suggestions have been made as to the referent for the phrase the Son of Man coming in his kingdom: (1) the transfiguration itself, which immediately follows in the narrative; (2) Jesus’ resurrection and ascension; (3) the coming of the Spirit; (4) Christ’s role in the Church; (5) the destruction of Jerusalem; (6) Jesus’ second coming and the establishment of the kingdom. The reference to six days later in 17:1 seems to indicate that Matthew had the transfiguration in mind insofar as it was a substantial prefiguring of the consummation of the kingdom (although this interpretation is not without its problems). As such, the transfiguration would be a tremendous confirmation to the disciples that even though Jesus had just finished speaking of his death (in vv. 21-23), he was nonetheless the promised Messiah and things were proceeding according to God’s plan.



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